Ibn Bâjja, Abu Bakr al Tajibi (d. 1139 AD)
Biography of Ibn Bâjja al Andalusi (d. 1139 AD)
Ibn Bâjja (Avempace in latinate form) was the author of the Kitab al-Nabat ("The Book of Plants"), a popular work on botany, which defined the sex of plants. His philosophic ideas had a clear effect on Ibn Rushd (Averroes) and Albertus Magnus. Most of his writings and book were not completed (or well-organized) because of his early death. He had a vast knowledge of medicine, mathematics and astronomy. His main contribution to Islamic philosophy was his idea on soul phenomenology, which was never completed.
Though many of his works have not survived, his theories on astronomy and physics were preserved by Maimonides and Averroes respectively, which influenced later astronomers and physicists in the Islamic civilization and Renaissance Europe, including Galileo Galilei.
The Ibn Bajja crater on the Moon is named in his honor.